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Ibihugu 5 bya mbere mu bukungu muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba bwashyizwe ku rutonde

Muri iyi nkuru, turasesengura imiterere y’ubukungu bwa Afurika y’iburasirazuba, aho imikoranire ihindagurika y’ibintu yatumye ibihugu byihariye biza ku isonga mu kuzamura ubukungu bw’akarere.

Twifashishije amakuru yatanzwe na raporo y’ishyirahamwe ry’imari shoramari muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba (EAVCA) kugira ngo twumve uburyo igishoro cy’abikorera cyagize uruhare runini mu kuzamura iterambere ry’inganda zikora ubushabitsi, kuvugurura inganda, no gushyiraho inzira nshya z’ejo hazaza muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba.

Nk’uko iyi raporo ibigaragaza, ubusanzwe Kenya yiganje mu karere k’imari shingiro y’abikorera ku giti cyabo, bingana na 69% by’ibicuruzwa byose, mu gihe Uganda, Tanzaniya, na Etiyopiya buri kimwe cyagiye kigira 6% naho u Rwanda rukaba rufite 5%. Amasezerano asigaye n’ubucuruzi bw’ibihugu byinshi.

Ubwiganze bwa Kenya bugera no ku ndangagaciro, igihugu kikaba gifite 74% by’agaciro k’amasezerano yatangajwe. Uganda na Etiyopiya bikurikiza 8% na 7%, mu gihe u Rwanda rugeze 5% by’imigezi, ahasigaye hakaba hacururizwa mu bihugu byinshi.

Muri rusange, hamaze gushora imari ingana 427 ifite agaciro ka miliyari 7.3 USD naho 51 zisohoka zifite agaciro ka miliyari 1.3 USD.

Ibihugu  5 bwa mbere mu bukungu muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba.

1. Kenya

Kenya ni cyo cyerekezo cy’ubukungu cy’akarere, gifite ubukungu butandukanye kandi bworoshye kwibasirwa n’ibicuruzwa kurusha bagenzi babo bo muri Afurika. Hamwe n’isoko rinini, amategeko y’ubucuruzi akomeye, hamwe n’abakozi bafite ubuhanga, Kenya ni magneti y’imigabane yigenga n’ishoramari rya DFI. Nairobi ikora kandi nk’icyicaro gikuru cy’ibigo byinshi bikorera mu karere.

2.Uganda

Uganda ishimangira umwanya wayo nk’igihugu cy’ingenzi, bingana na 12% by’ishoramari. Ahantu hafatika hamwe n’isoko ryiyongera bituma iba ahantu heza kubashoramari, cyane cyane muri serivisi zimari n’ubuhinzi.

3. Tanzaniya

Umugabane wa Tanzaniya 6% ugaragaza ko ugaragara nk’imigabane yizewe ku isoko ry’imari shoramari. Impinduka ziherutse muri politiki ya leta zirimo kuzamura abashoramari. Ikigaragara ni uko ishoramari mu buhinzi, umutungo kamere, ibikorwa remezo, ubukerarugendo, ndetse n’imari byateye imbere.

4. Etiyopiya

Ubukungu bwiyongera cyane n’isoko ryagutse, Etiyopiya irimo kwitabwaho n’abashoramari. Guhungabana kwa politiki n’amabwiriza y’ifaranga byadindije ishoramari, ariko ubushobozi bwayo buracyari hejuru.

5. U Rwanda

Nubwo u Rwanda rufite isoko rito, rirusha abandi gushora imari. Yabaye ihuriro ryitangiriro rishya hamwe n’ishoramari rito, ryitandukanya mu bihugu bya Afrika y’uburasirazuba.

Ibindi bihugu byo muri Afrika y’uburasirazuba bishyize hamwe 2%. Nubwo bidashobora kuba mubitekerezo, bikungahaza ubudasa n’imbaraga ziterambere ryishoramari rya Afrika y’uburasirazuba.

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