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Abahuthi ni bande kandi kuki muri Yemeni hari intambara y’abenegihugu?

Umuryango wa Houthi, uzwi kandi ku izina rya Ansar Allah (Abashyigikiye Imana), ni rumwe mu ntambara yo muri Yemeni imaze imyaka igera ku icumi. Yagaragaye mu myaka ya za 90, igihe umuyobozi wacyo, Hussein al-Houthi, yatangizaga “Urubyiruko rwizera,” umuryango w’ububyutse bw’amadini mu gice cy’ibinyejana byinshi cy’abayisilamu b’abashiya witwa Zaidism.

Abazayide bayoboye Yemeni mu binyejana byinshi ariko bahezwa ku butegetsi bw’Abasuni bageze ku butegetsi nyuma y’intambara yo mu 1962. Umutwe wa Al-Houthi washinzwe guhagararira Zaidis no kurwanya Abasuni b’Abasuni, cyane cyane ibitekerezo bya Wahhabi byo muri Arabiya Sawudite. Abayoboke be ba hafi bamenyekanye ku izina rya Houthis.

Intambara y’abenegihugu ya Yemeni yatangiye mu 2014, igihe ingabo za Houthi zagabye igitero ku murwa mukuru Sanaa zigahirika guverinoma izwi ku rwego mpuzamahanga kandi ishyigikiwe na Arabiya Sawudite, bituma haba intambara y’abenegihugu. Amakimbirane yaje kwiyongera mu ntambara yagutse mu 2015 ubwo ihuriro riyobowe na Arabiya Sawudite ryagize uruhare mu gushaka gutsinda Abahutu.

Nyuma y’imyaka umunani, ihuriro ntirwashoboye kwirukana Abahuthi, bakomeje kuyobora igice kinini cya Yemeni. Amaherezo yo guhagarika imirwano yashyizweho umukono mu 2022, ariko irashira nyuma y’amezi atandatu. Amashyaka arwana ntabwo yasubiye mu makimbirane yuzuye.

Kuva aho imirwano ihagaze, Abahutu bakomeje kugenzura igice kinini cy’amajyaruguru ya Yemeni. Bashakishije kandi amasezerano na Saudite yatuma intambara irangira burundu kandi ishimangira uruhare rwabo nk’abategetsi b’igihugu.

Muri Yemeni kugeza ubu bimeze bite?

Intambara yateje kimwe mu bibazo by’ubutabazi bukabije ku isi, bihitana abantu ibihumbi magana ndetse bituma ibice by’igihugu bicwa n’inzara.

Gahunda y’ibiribwa ku isi ivuga ko muri iki gihe abantu miliyoni 17 bafite ikibazo cy’ibura ry’ibiribwa muri Yemeni, baburira ko ibibazo by’ubutabazi no kubura ibiribwa n’ibindi bikoresho by’ingirakamaro bifite “ubushobozi bwo kwegera abantu babarirwa muri za miriyoni inzara n’urupfu.

Amakimbirane kandi yangije ibikorwa remezo by’igihugu, bituma ubukungu bwangirika ndetse bituma abantu benshi bimurwa.

Loni ivuga ko muri iki gihe, abantu barenga miliyoni 24 – hejuru ya 80% by’abaturage – bakeneye ubufasha bw’ikiremwamuntu no kurindwa. Abantu bagera kuri miliyoni 3 bavanywe mu byabo, ibihumbi amagana babuze akazi, kandi kimwe cya kabiri cy’abaturage ubu babayeho mu bukene bukabije.

Raporo yo mu 2021 yakozwe na gahunda y’umuryango w’abibumbye ishinzwe iterambere (UNDP) ivuga ko amakimbirane yahitanye abantu bagera ku 377.000, abarenga kimwe cya kabiri cyabo bakaba barapfuye bazize impamvu zitaziguye zifitanye isano n’amakimbirane, nko kubura ibiryo, amazi n’ubuvuzi.

Ibiro by’Umuryango w’Abibumbye bishinzwe guhuza ibikorwa by’ubutabazi (OCHA) bivuga ko kugeza ubu, 38.9% gusa by’amafaranga akenewe mu nkunga ya Yemeni akenewe.

Abo bafatanije ni bande?

Abahuthi bashyigikiwe na Irani, yatangiye kongera inkunga muri uyu mutwe mu 2014 igihe intambara y’abenegihugu yariyongereye ndetse no guhangana kwayo na Arabiya Sawudite. Raporo yo mu 2021 yaturutse mu kigo cy’ubushakashatsi n’ubushakashatsi mpuzamahanga, ivuga ko Irani yahaye uyu mutwe intwaro n’ikoranabuhanga, nko mu bindi birombe, ibirombe byo mu nyanja, misile ya ballistique na misile, hamwe n’imodoka zitagira abapilote (UAV, cyangwa drone).

Abahuthi bagize igice cyiswe Irani bita “Axis of Resistance” ubumwe bwo kurwanya Isiraheli no kurwanya iburengerazuba bw’imitwe yitwara gisirikare yo mu karere ishyigikiwe na Repubulika ya Kisilamu. Hamwe na Hamas muri Gaza na Hezbollah muri Libani, Abahuthi ni umwe mu mitwe itatu ikomeye ishyigikiwe na Irani yagabye ibitero kuri Isiraheli mu byumweru bishize.

Ku wa gatanu, Tehran yamaganye ibitero by’Amerika n’Ubwongereza byibasiye Abahuthi, ivuga ko ari ukurenga ku mategeko mpuzamahanga ndetse no gushaka gukura ibitekerezo mu ntambara yo muri Gaza.

@Rebero.co.rw

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