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Akarere ka Afurika kiyongereye cyane mu bibazo by’indwara zikomeye zo mu kanwa mu myaka 30

Ubuzima bwo mu kanwa bukomeje kuba ikintu cyirengagijwe mu kwita ku buzima no ku mibereho myiza. Indwara zo mu kanwa, nk’indwara y’amenyo, no gutakaza amenyo, zikomeje kugaragara mu karere ko muri Afurika OMS ikoreramo, yibasira abaturage bagera kuri 44%. Nubwo ingamba zishyashya zitsinda ry’akarere kacu, akarere kacu kiyongereye cyane mu bibazo by’indwara zikomeye zo mu kanwa mu myaka 30 ishize mu turere dutandatu.

Amakuru meza ariko, ni uko indwara nyinshi zo mu kanwa zishobora kwirindwa binyuze mu kugenzura ibintu bishobora guteza ingaruka, nko kwirinda kunywa itabi n’inzoga, gufata indyo yuzuye irimo isukari y’ubusa, no koza amenyo ukoresheje umuti wa fluor kabiri mu munsi.

Kwirengagiza ubuzima bwo mu kanwa mu karere ka OMS muri Afurika biragaragara mu rwego rw’ishoramari rito. Ku rugero, kimwe cya kabiri cy’ibihugu byo mu karere ka OMS muri Afurika ntibifite politiki y’ubuzima bwo mu kanwa. Muri 2019, ibihugu birenga 70% by’akarere byakoresheje amadorari atarenga rimwe ry’amanyamerika k’umuntu ku mwaka ku mafaranga yo kwivuza mu kanwa.

Byongeye kandi, muri ako karere hari icyuho kidakira cy’abakozi bo mu kanwa k’ubuzima bwo mu kanwa, urugero, bafite amenyo 0.33 gusa ku baturage 10,000, ni kimwe cya cumi cy’ikigereranyo cy’isi.

Itsinda ryacu ry’akarere rikomeje gushora imari mu gushimangira ubushobozi bw’ibihugu byo guteza imbere ubuzima bwo mu kanwa, kwirinda indwara zo mu kanwa, no kuzirwanya; itsinda ryacu rihuza ibi mu rwego rwo gukumira no kugenzura NCDs muri gahunda z’itangwa rya serivisi z’ubuzima ku rwego rw’ubuzima rusange.

Turashimira Burkina Faso, Lesotho, Mali, Nijeriya, na Siyera Lewone kuba barateje imbere kandi bagashyira mu bikorwa politiki y’ubuzima bwo mu kanwa mu 2023.

Ubuyobozi bwa Nigeriya ndetse n’ibindi bihugu 14 byo muri Afurika muri 32 ku isi yose byatumye Ukuboza 2023 kwemerwa ku mugaragaro noma nkimwe mu ndwara zita ku turere dushyuha.

Dr. Matshidiso Moeti uhagarariye OMS mu karere ka Afurika

Ibikorwa by’inzobere mu buzima zirenga 4.400 n’abafatanyabikorwa mu bihugu 11 by’ibanze bya noma bakoresheje amasomo ya OMS noma kuri interineti kugira ngo bongere ubushobozi bwabo mu guteza imbere ubuzima bwo mu kanwa, gutahura, no kugenzura ibyiciro bya mbere bya noma na kuvuga kimwe muri 2023.

Abakozi barenga 5.800 n’abashinzwe ubuzima ndetse n’abatari abashinzwe ubuzima, guhera ku ya 29 Gashyantare 2024, bitabiriye amasomo yo kuri interineti ku buzima bwo mu kanwa ku bakozi bashinzwe ubuzima.

Turemera ko ibyo bikorwa byubaka ubushobozi byashobotse ku nkunga ya The Borrow Foundation, Hilfsaktion Noma e.V., Ishuri ry’Ubuvuzi bw’amenyo ya Harvard, ibigo bikorana na OMS, n’izindi mpuguke.

Kandi inkunga ya kaminuza ya Pennsylvania na kaminuza ya Nairobi mu guhuza intumwa zirenga 70 zaturutse muri za kaminuza na minisiteri y’ubuzima mu nama igira iti “Ibimenyetso kuri politiki: Kwihutisha ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’ingamba z’akarere ndetse n’isi yose ku buzima bwo mu kanwa mu karere ka OMS muri Afurika ”. Izi ntumwa zaganiriye ku cyifuzo cy’ibikorwa byihutishwa mu gushyiraho, gukwirakwiza, gushyira mu bikorwa, kugenzura no gusuzuma politiki y’ibikorwa by’ubuzima bwo mu kanwa byamenyeshejwe ibimenyetso muri ako karere bijyanye n’ingamba za OMS ku isi no ku karere ku buzima bwo mu kanwa“.

Mugihe hari iterambere ryagaragaye, tugomba gukora byinshi. Kuri uyu munsi wa 2024 Umunsi mpuzamahanga w’ubuzima bwo mu kanwa, turahamagarira abafatanyabikorwa b’ibihugu byinshi, ndetse n’imiryango itari iy’ubuzima ndetse n’abikorera ku giti cyabo, gufatanya na minisiteri y’ubuzima mu rwego rwo gutwara igisubizo cy’inzego nyinshi ku cyorezo cyicecekere cy’indwara zo mu kanwa.

@Rebero.co.rw

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